Silvi is an important sea resort of the Teramo seaside, that stretches at the feet of Atri and Città Sant'Angelo. It is a great mixture of tradition, modernity, culture and nature. Clear waters, large sandy beaches and numerous comfortable accommodations build altogether a complete tourist complex by now famous for the quality of its services.
This town rose, during the Roman age, from the coming together of the first settlements, that for the most were concentrated along the shore and bound to the ancient Municipium of Atri. During the following centuries, critical political and social events encouraged the migration of the people towards the hilly inland, where the mediaeval town of Castrum Silvi, the current Silvi Paese was founded. The town has preserved most of its original structure, such as the walls with round arches that sustain it, the main street from which a thick net of narrow lanes stretch out to build the historical centre. The ancient Parish Church of S.Salvatore, dating from the 11th century, stands on the main square. Inside a valuable 14th-century fresco can still be admired.
The charming inner streets of the town lead to a gracious and well kept belvedere. From here a stupendous view stretches from the Monte Conero (Marche) to the Tremiti Islands (Puglia). Lovers of Abruzzo flavours and folklore shouldn't miss the summer event “Arti e Mestieri”. Each year in July, this event takes visitors on a genuine journey across the most ancient expressions of the abruzzo tradition, from its wines and gastronomy to local handicraft, from customs to the deepest aspects of a the “daily culture”.
Towering beyond the Teramo seaside, this delightful town of great artistic interest has ancient origins going back to the VII-V century B.C. Important Roman colony, Atri was first subjected to Barbarian Invasions and to foreign powers during the Middle Ages and re-emerged only under the dominion of the Lords of Acquaviva.
Today the centre of this town continues to evoke strongly the charms of its great history. Monuments and historic palaces, churches, museums and suggestive corners are like the pieces of a splendid mosaic, which Atri offers to its numerous visitors. Dating from 1285 and recently restored, the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta stands in Piazza Duomo. The four finely crafted portals date back to the XIII century while the inside is characterised by three naves, a square apse and series of wonderful frescos by Andrea de Litio, a fifteenth-century artist from Abruzzo.
In the adjoining museum are preserved precious relics: painted majolicas, crosses, gold and silver pastorals, illuminated manuscripts, statues and hundreds of mosaic pieces from ancient buildings. The cloister with two rows of arches and the bell tower completed in the XV century by Antonio da Lodi are also splendid. Remaining on Piazza Duomo, the visitor will find on one side the Palazzo Mambelli with its arcades, and to the south the Palazzo Vescovile and the Seminario dating from the sixteenth century.
Opposite the Cathedral stands the perfectly conserved nineteenth-century Teatro comunale. The façade of the little town theatre, also known as the “sweet box” because of its size (300 seats) and enviable acoustics, imitates the Scala Theatre in Milan while the inside was inspired by the “S.Carlo” of Naples and its three levels of boxes and loggias. The magnificent Palazzo Ducale degli Acquaviva is today the seat of the City Hall. It is a sort of stone fortress, which was built in the early 14th century and transformed in the 18th century.
The façade encloses a Renaissance courtyard surrounded by an arcaded loggia where Roman inscriptions and testimonies can still be admired. Between art and nature, the enchanting characteristic furrows surrounding Atri, resulting from centuries of erosion of the clayey ground, seem to rise like “natural sculptures”.
The severe tons and colours of an almost lunar scenery with its stately above soaring architecture of peculiar geological formations seem to evoke Dante's trenches.
Standing between Pineto and Silvi the Protected seashore area runs along 7 km of coast and stretches up to 3 nautical miles. The entire area covers about 37 kmq and has 3 areas with different degrees of protection: the restricted zone “B” (about 1 km) facing the Torre Cerrano, the zone “C” (14 kmq) which stretches along the entire length of coastline up to 2 km out to sea, and, finally, the wide zone “B” with its trapezoidal shape (22kmq) extends up to a further 3 nautical miles. (here there is the physical reference reaching a depth of 17 mt made up by the submerged barriers of the fish repopulation Oasis).
The small area of the Seashore Area introduces two distinguishing environmental typologies and connected themselves: the typical Adriatic sandy backdrops (characterizing the widest portion of the area) and some parts of bluffs leading, determineted by both the submerged rocks of the Atri's port and the semisubmerged structures of the Provincial Seashore Protection Oasis, besides some protruding of geological congolmerate formations. In the area lives a large number of marine animal species (pelagic and betonico) and a small but various group of vegetal species. Besides the beautiful specimen of the small and rare Adriatic Gasteropode such as the Trivia adriatica and the imposive bioconstructions of Sabellaria halcocki, in the underwater environment it's easy to find various species of fish and shellfish. Over all there are the gronco, the seabass, the sole and the sarago all living in the sandy backdrops characterized by wide benches of Chamelea hen (common clam).
The sandy cords, laying alongside the coastline, grow besides the area subject to tide's changes thanks to the drifting of sandy particles carried on the wind. It's an important area of transition between sea and dry land. The sea storms, the high degree of present salinity both in the air and in the substratum, the strong winds, the high sun's irradiance and the lack of organic substance in the ground allow the growing of some particular species: insect such as the Scarabeus semimpunctatus and the rare Lamprindodes pictus besides some “rare” species of avifauna. Here nests the fratino, a migrant bird coming to the beach from April to late September and coming back each spring for the laying of the eggs.
The dunale psammofila vegetation with its beautiful specimen of Giglio di mare, Verbasco del Gargano, di Soldanella marittima e di Euforbia delle spiagge is very interesting. In the southern area, at the back of the pine woods of Pino de pinoli and Aleppo, there is a thick population of the very rare Zafferanetto delle spiagge. Furthermore, inside the Cerrano Tower, ancient tower of sighting of the XVI century, there is the Reparto Biologia Marina e Fluviale of the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G. Caporale" in which is situated an experimental high technology plant of acquaculture .